Sacramento, California – Friday, November 8, 2019 – Each year on Veterans Day, Americans honor all military veterans who have served our country and especially those who have returned home safely after active duty.

While the transition back to civilian life goes smoothly for some veterans, for others it is a challenging and complicated process. Some veterans may be dealing with post-traumatic stress disorder but clinicians who work with veterans have identified an additional cluster of symptoms that are related to military deployment but do not fit the criteria for PTSD. These symptoms fit with what is now being called Moral Injury.

For those who have served in the military, especially in combat zones, moral injury can occur when a soldier’s wartime actions conflict with one’s personal moral code. Military values that veterans have learned cannot simply be set aside after their military service is over, even for those who never serve in combat. For veterans with moral injury, the shift back to civilian society and values can become impossible. They may have lost their best friends in their unit or feel ashamed of things they did or failed to stop. They can feel so hollowed out, numb, and despairing that they cannot find their way back from emotional isolation and end up living painfully disassociated from ordinary life and relationships.

Volunteers of America is interested in this topic because the effects of moral injury contribute to homelessness, self-harm including suicide, rage, addiction, compulsive overwork and/or depression. Unlike some causes of distress, moral injury is not a mental illness. It is an existential crisis in identity and meaning because of devastating life circumstances. It can happen at any age and recovery is possible.

Volunteers of America (VOA) is committed to broadening the public, faith-based, and medical community’s knowledge about the effects of moral injury. VOA’s goal is to help others better understand that moral injury is a legitimate obstruction to personal well-being for a vast spectrum of populations and communities and extensive training in how to address it in those populations is key to overcoming addiction, depression, and other factors that can lead to homelessness.

Volunteers of America’s moral injury repair initiatives have increased our capacity to serve veterans in crisis and at risk of suicide. Engaging staff who are veterans and who are certified mental health specialists (via certification as Veteran Peer Support Specialists, a recognized mental health specialty), our training programs offer critical skills to strengthen veterans against the challenges they face.

For more information on Volunteers of America's work on moral injury, visit

Click here to view the full press release